For heat dissipation and body cooling, a horse trotting at 11.2 mph loses about 3.three gallons of sweat per hour under moderate situations. The salts/electrolytes sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium and calcium are also lost with this loss of fluid. These electrolytes are responsible for the transfer of water through cell membranes, for nerves to fire and muscles to contract. Huge losses of electrolytes can result in numerous neuromuscular and systemic disturbances which includes muscle cramping, tying up, synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (thumps) and systemic alkalosis.
Our objective as the equine caretaker is to prevent electrolyte imbalance and dehydration in the performance/stressed horse by means of suitable fluid and electrolyte replacement. Balance can greatly prolong reaching the point of fatigue and also reduce recovery time.
If you happen to be feeding a nicely formulated industrial ration intended for a efficiency horse, the possibilities are superior that they’ve met the electrolyte wants of the lightly to moderately worked horse, under most conditions (always make plain salt obtainable). Electrolyte availability can grow to be a trouble when the rate of loss exceeds the price of replacement. If the horse sweats for a prolonged period of time, due to intense climate conditions (higher humidity, high heat), prolonged exercise (endurance sort work), heavily worked/educated horses (race horses in coaching) or stressed horses (transporting), electrolyte desires will not normally be met via their feed. For these horses, electrolyte supplementation becomes essential to keep body functions at an optimum level and to raise water intake stopping dehydration. Electrolytes need to not be offered to a horse that is currently dehydrated, except beneath the supervision of a veterinarian.
Horses do not “shop” sodium, potassium or chloride. Adding daily electrolyte supplementation would not be important, when feeding a balanced feeding program, unless the horse is being worked/educated hard everyday and losing a large quantity of sweat. When preparing for an occasion, opt for an electrolyte formula that is palatable/acceptable to your horse, and don’t wait till the day of the competition to find out. Use elektrolyty if adding electrolytes to water due to the possibility of decreased water consumption.
There are lots of opinions about suitable administration schedules and dose prices. Adhere to the guidelines per the brand that you pick. Discover and adjust to your horses precise requirements and climate circumstances. Train your horse to the level needed for the occasion. Enhanced electrolytes will not replace correct conditioning.
Electrolytes containing bicarbonate are formulated for horses with diarrhea. These can be harmful when used as an electrolyte supplement for strain and physical exercise.
Feeding electrolytes devoid of proper water consumption will bring about water to be absorbed from the bloodstream into the intestine, resulting in greater dehydration. From a non-functioning to a heavy functioning saddle horse, the water intake can improve 7 – ten gallons/day. Verify for signs of dehydration often and don’t wait until your horse appears dehydrated to administer electrolytes. Understand to carry out skin pinch, capillary and jugular refill and mucous membrane testing as properly as listening for gut sounds. Continue with electrolyte supplementation when the occasion is completed to aid in recovery if vital.